Abbreviation guide


St stands for Stitch

Tog stands for Together


K/Knit :

A stitch which is made by inserting right needle into the stitches in the left hand , while the head of the right needle stands behind the needle in the left hand


P/Purl :

A stitch which is made by inserting right needle into the stitches in the left hand , while the head of the right needle stands in front of the needle in left hand


YO/Yarn over :

To wrap the yarn around the right-hand needle from back to front counterclockwise


Table guide:


In all sketches you can follow the table to figure out the arrangement of stitches and to find out how the next row will start . In some patterns it doesn’t matter whether you have the odd or even quantity of stitches but in some it differs depending on the number of stitches in a single bunch.

For example : According to this table second row  starts with K because the shown quantity is even . Provided that you have casted on 5 stitches . Then starting with k will be incorrect and will mix your pattern so you should start with P to have correct pattern.

9 thoughts on “Abbreviation guide”

  1. Hello,

    Thank you for all of the tutorials. I am new to knitting, and I really love the hat pattern you demonstrate in You Tube entitled, “How to make a simple beanie. However I was wondering if you could let me know what size needle to use to make a beanie for adults and children? I did view your how to Jersey stitch but do not understand how many stitches in multiples of 4 I would need to make anything ( especially hats for different sizes. Please help.

    Thank you,


    1. Hello,

      Welcome to knitting world

      Choosing the appropriate needle depends on the size of yarn. In my Knitting Gauge page you can find a table which gives the list of relative numbers.
      For start I suggest you to choose needle number 7 with a medium sized yarn, (number 4). Cast on about 56 stitches for an adult hat, or 48 stitches for a kid hat.

      At anytime, for finding a suitable number, you may cast on 20 stitches, Knit at least 3 or 4 rows, then pull out the needle and measure the length of what you have gotten. Once you find out how long is created by 20 stitches, you have estimation of required numbers.

      Wish you a enjoyable knitting time :)

  2. I was in You Tube and saw your instructions and love it. I’m I new at knitting and I love it. Thanks for tour instructions. I don’t know which pattern I will tried next.
    Thanks again

  3. سلام فریبا جان
    از وب سایتی خوبی که تهیه کردین و مشخصه که براش خیلی زحمت میکشین ممنون
    از طریق یوتیوب با اینجا آشنا شدم
    خیلی دوست دارم
    ساده و راحت آموزش میدین
    اگه در آینده روش اندازه گیری و بافت برای سایزهای مختلف رو هم بذارین ممنونتون میشم
    و اگه حتی بعضی از مدلها رو در قالب لباس بافته شده آموزش بدین بهتر هم میشه
    موفق و موید باشید

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